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Constitution Monday: No pay cuts for judges

Note: Throughout this series, items that are hyperlinked were in the Constitution as written in 1787 but have since been amended or superseded.

Article III of the Constitution of the United States established the Judicial Branch.  Here is Article III, Section I:

Section. 1.

The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.

The Constitutional ban on cutting a judge’s pay while in office was one safeguard of judicial independence.

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