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What kind of name is Redoubt?

After my post on historical background about Alaska’s Redoubt Volcano, a reader named Doug left a comment asking,

How did the name “Redoubt” come to be?

Is there a history of the name?

It is curious name……

I thought others might be interested in the answer, so I’m making a new entry about it.

My first stop on trying to find history on any place name in the United States is to visit the US Board on Geographic Names at http://geonames.usgs.gov/. This site lets you search names and types of features in the United States (Domestic names), in addition to Antarctica and some foreign place names.

Looking for Redoubt Volcano in Alaska, I found this entry:

FeatureID: 1413853
Name: Redoubt Volcano
Class: Summit (Definitions)
History: translation of the Russian name “Sopka Redutskaya” (Tebenkov, 1852, map 5). name “Ujakushatsch” also means “fortified place” but it is difficult to determine if one name is derived from the other. This may be the volcano called “Volcan de Miranda” by the Spanish in 1779, but more likely it was Iliamna Volcano. Capt. Tebenkov reports that the volcano erupted in 1778. also includes the mountain in his list of Alaska Volcanos and states that “in 1819 the Redoubt volcano of Cook’s Inlet smoked” (in Dall, 1870, p. 499).
Description: 9 mi. NE of Crescent Lake and 52 mi. W of Kenai; Aleutian Ra.
Citation: U.S. Board on Geographic Names decisions, either decisions referenced after Phase I data compilation, or staff research on non-controversial names. The year of the decision or the year of staff processing (“SPN” indicates “Staff Processed Name”) follows, if known: 1891
Entry_Date: 01-Jan-2000
*Elevation: 9997/3047

*Elevations in feet/meters from the National Elevation Dataset

Tebenkov (1852) likely refers to:

Tebenʹkov, Mikhail Dmitrievich, and Richard A. Pierce. Atlas of the northwest coasts of America: from Bering Strait to Cape Corrientes and the Aleutian Islands with several sheets on the northeast coast of Asia. Alaska history, no. 21. Kingston, Ont: Limestone Press.

Libraries with book – http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8546370

Dall (1870) likely refers to:

Dall, William Healey. Alaska and its resources. American environmental studies. [New York]: Arno.

Libraries with book – http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/367386

Full View Google Book – http://books.google.com/books?id=WAYNAAAAIAAJ

So, here’s hoping our fortified place settles down soon.

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